Infectious and hazardous waste are engendering within health care and hospitals. The emissions of definite metals and chlorinated dioxins and furans in the flue gasses of medical waste are comparatively high as compared to the emissions from different combustion sources. Discriminate disposal of these wastes possesses a serious threat to the ecosystem and human health. Tremendous efforts have been made by the government to ensure the availability of medical disposal services. In general, the incineration method is one of the most extensively used techniques for the disposal of medical wastes. The process involves burning waste at a very high elevated temperature. The article deals with the fundamental problems as definition, categories of medical waste, and the process like segregation, storage, and transport and disposal methods are discussed. A statistics of CBMWTF operation under 11 districts surveyed. Effective biomedical waste management is mandatory for healthy humans and to the unstained environment.